"" Audience Response System (Clickers) in Team Based Learning: The Good, the Bad and the Feedback

Mini Review

Austin J Anat. 2017; 4(2): 1069.

Audience Response System (Clickers) in Team Based Learning: The Good, the Bad and the Feedback

Shaikh AA¹, Raihan Sajid M¹, Hasanein HS² and Yaqinuddin A³*

¹Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, KSA

²College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, KSA

³Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, KSA

*Corresponding author: Ahmed Yaqinuddin, Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, KSA

Received: March 02, 2017; Accepted: March 20, 2017; Published: March 27, 2017

Abstract

Team Based Learning (TBL) is a student-centered instructional strategy which provides students with opportunities to apply their knowledge through a series of activities comprising of individual work, team work, its application to problem-solving task based assignments with immediate feedback to the students by faculty. TBL is a newly introduced instructional strategy at our institute. It is a once weekly activity which forms core instructional strategy in year one. Providing feedback to students is an essential component of TBL which leads to healthy and interactive discussion. Initially we were using scantrons for scoring readiness assurance tests which was leading to ineffective feedback and discussion and infrastructure overload on assessment office. This was also time consuming and lacked the utility of display of student performance in the form of bar graphs. We switched to using an Audience Response System (ARS) in which students used “clickers” produced by Turning Technologies to record student responses in readiness assurances tests and provide immediate feedback to the students at the end of team readiness assurance tests instantaneously in the same session. This also led to improved discussion when compared with Scantrons. Our method also resulted into reduced turnaround time for compiling continuous assessment results and reduced load on faculty and assessment office.

Keywords: Team based learning; Feedback; Discussion; Audience response system; Scantrons

Brief Report

Team based learning TBL is a student-centered instructional strategy which provides students with opportunities to apply their knowledge through a series of activities comprising of individual work, team work, its application to problem-solving task based assignments with immediate feedback to the students by faculty [1]. The major benefit of TBL is that it incorporates the effectiveness of small group learning into large group format leading to a high degree of interaction among learners, while at the same time the tutors retain control over content delivered in the session and its mode of delivery [1-4].

Traditional TBL consists of three stages comprising of advanced student preparation based upon faculty provided session objectives, assessment by i-RAT (individual readiness assurance test) and t-RAT (team readiness assurance test) followed by immediate feedback and discussion by faculty and peers. This is followed by application exercises consisting of group based problem solving in the context of provided clinical scenarios [1-4]. Previously we were using standard Scantrons (bubble sheets) for scoring the i-RATs but we have now switched to audience response systems (Figure 1).