Review Article

Austin J Biotechnol Bioeng. 2014;1(5): 5.

In Vitro Propagation and Medicinal Attributes of Tinospora Cordifolia: A Review

Handique PJ*

Department of Biotechnology, Gauhati University, India

*Corresponding author: Handique PJ, Department of Biotechnology, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India.

Received: September 12, 2014; Accepted: October 15, 2014; Published: October 17, 2014

Abstract

Concern on various aspects of medicinal plants is gaining momentum and research focus is increasing on a wide spectrum of activities starting form in vitro propagation to metabolomics. Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook F & Thoms, is one of the important medicinal plant species widely used for various medicinal purposes particularly in India. However, due to large scale exploitation for commercial purpose, Tinospora cordifolia is facing rarity in natural habitats of India. This review includes the aspects of in vitro propagation and medicinal attributes including anti-microbial properties of Tinospora cordifolia. Biomedical study on the species and information based on metabolomics besides other biotechnological investigations including molecular characterization of diverse germplasm constitute the future scope of the review.

Keywords: Tinospora cordifolia; Micropropagation; Medicinal attributes; Guduchi; Antimicrobial

Introduction

Medicinal plants are considered as green gold owing to their invaluable contribution to the health care and wellbeing of human societies. The use of traditional medicine and medicinal plants in most developing countries, as a normative basis for the maintenance of good health, has been widely observed [1]. The use of medicinal plants with traditional know how is a much prevalent medicinal practice in India. Medicinal plants are widely used by all sections of the Indian population and it has been estimated that, in total over 7500 species of plant species are used by a number of ethnic communities [2,3]. In recent years, concern on various aspects of medicinal plants is gaining momentum and research focus is increasing on a wide spectrum of activities starting form in vitro propagation to metabolomics.

Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook F & Thoms, is one of the important medicinal plant species widely used for various medicinal purposes particularly in India (Figure 1,2). The species is commonly known in India as 'Guduchi' (Sanskrit), 'Giloy' (Hindi) and 'Saguni lota' (Assam). It is a large deciduous climbing shrub belonging to the family Menispermaceae. It is distributed throughout the tropical Indian sub-continent ascending to an altitude of 300m. Due to its medicinal importance, T. cordifolia has been highly exploited for commercial purposes. At present the species is facing rarity in natural habitats of India. Recently, the National Medicinal Plant Board (NMPB) of India has prioritized this species for mass multiplication. In this context, biotechnological methods are considered as inevitable to promote commercial level cultivation of this species. This review encompasses the tissue culture propagation, chemistry and antimicrobial properties of Tinospora cordifolia.