Microbial Exploitation of Biofertilizer, Pullulan and Biochar from Floral Waste

Rapid Communication

Austin Biochem. 2021; 6(1): 1028.

Microbial Exploitation of Biofertilizer, Pullulan and Biochar from Floral Waste

Suneetha V* and Punetha S

School of BioSciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding author: Suneetha V, School of BioSciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu, India

Received: August 10, 2021; Accepted: September 09, 2021; Published: September 16, 2021


In diversified India, there are different traditions and cultures and their spirituality to believe in God is unconditional. People used to go temple and offer several things to God, and mainly the item they offer is the flower. Heaps of flowers flooded in temples are served as waste in nearby areas, or they dumped it into water. Flower waste has abundant properties with several nutrients (macro as well as micro) in them. In this article, we have emphasized the production and application of fertilizer, Pullulan and Biochar with the help of microbes present on floral waste enriched samples. Test samples were collected in the nearby areas of the temple, and after collection, serial dilution of the enriched sample was prepared. 1mL of each serial dilution were outspread on sterile nutrient agar plates, and bacterial isolation was done. Properties of degradation of soil isolates were evaluated. Flowers collected were then dried, and 1% was then transferred in minimal medium (without C source). Streaking was carried out, and isolated possessing tremendous growth was choosen for the development of the consortium. Different combinations of soil isolates were used. Five per cent inoculum of various consortia was spread on flower waste chambers. It was incubated aerobically. Degradation was analyzed after a specific time interval. The microbial consortium supports minimizing the time required for degrading an enormous amount of flower waste. With this perspective, we can prepare good quality Biopolymer Pullulan and Biochar without causing any harm to the environment.

Keywords: Flower waste; Isolation; Degradation; Pullulan; Biochar; Applications


Flower waste disposal is a central problem in the world. Diversity in the content of waste creates problems in its reduction. Safe disposal of floral waste has been a matter of disquiet for the temple management. The floral waste is directly disposed of into the rivers, oceans, etc., which harms the water quality and the living organisms present in the water. Flowers come as waste from hotels, wedding ceremony gardens, worship places, and various civilizing and sacred ceremonies, making them a usual floral waste source. Flowers are considered holy entities and hence are offered by pilgrims to their idols. Every day these flowers provided by the devotees in temples are left unused and therefore become waste. This flower waste gets accumulated at religious sites like Temples, Mosques and gurudwaras due to several spiritual practices and is also generated in places like residential areas, community centers, etc.

Citation: Suneetha V and Punetha S. Microbial Exploitation of Biofertilizer, Pullulan and Biochar from Floral Waste. Austin Biochem. 2021; 6(1): 1028.