Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Anterior Dislocation of the Crystalline Lens

Special Article - Cataract Surgery

Austin J Clin Ophthalmol. 2015;2(1): 1040.

Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Anterior Dislocation of the Crystalline Lens

Jia-Kang Wang1,2,3,4

1Department of Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taiwan

2Department of Ophthalmology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taiwan

3Department of Health Care Administration and Department of Nursing, Oriental Institute of Technology, Taiwan

4Department of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taiwan

*Corresponding author: Jia-Kang Wang, Department of Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, 21, Sec. 2, Nan-Ya South Road, Pan-Chiao District, New Taipei City, 220, Taiwan

Received: February 13, 2015; Accepted: February 16, 2015; Published: February 17, 2015


Anterior segment optical coherence tomography; Anterior dislocation of lens; Anterior chamber intraocular lens; Pars plana lensectomy

Clinical Image

A 54-year-old Taiwanese woman experienced blurred vision and pain in the left eye for one week. She suffered from head injury 9 years ago. Best-Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) was hand motion, and Intraocular Pressure (IOP) was as high as 80 mmHg in the left. Slit lamp biomicroscope showed the right crystalline lens dislocating to anterior chamber (Figure 1). Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT, RTVue, Optovue, CA, USA) demonstrated anterior capsule of the lens and corneal endothelium were very close (Figure 2). Fundus examination and macular OCT did not show macular abnormality. Anterior dislocation of the crystalline lens and acute secondary glaucoma were diagnosed. Treatment with intravenous mannitol, oral acetazolamide, and topical timolol and brimonidine eye drops proved ineffective in controlling the elevated IOP. Pars plana lensectomy with phacofragmentome and 20-gauge vitrectomy (Alcon lab, Texas, USA) were performed to remove the crystalline lens and prolapsed vitreous on the next day. Subsequent anterior chamber intraocular lens (MTA3UO, Alcon lab, Texas, USA) was inserted (Figure 3). Postoperative corneal edema gradually subsided. The IOP returned to normal value. Three months after the surgery, BCVA improved to 20/30.