Orthodontic Approach for Double Teeth

Special Article – Pedodontics

J Dent App. 2016; 3(2): 328-329.

Orthodontic Approach for Double Teeth

Jairath R¹, Chaudhry A²*, Chaudhary G³ and Bector K4

¹Department of Orthodontics, Christian Dental College, CMC, Ludhiana-141010, Punjab, India

¹Senior lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, Baba Jaswant Singh Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Chandigarh Road, Ludhiana-141010, Punjab, India

*Corresponding author: Anshul Chaudhry, Senior lecturer, Department Of Orthodontics, Christian Dental College, MC, Ludhiana-141010, Punjab, India

Received: October 06, 2016; Accepted: October 21, 2016; Published: October 24, 2016


Odontogenic anomalies of teeth can be encountered frequently in dental practice. Double teeth or fused teeth not only create esthetic problems, but also cause malalignment and malocclusion by creating tooth size discrepancy. A case of bilateral maxillary permanent double teeth of the central incisors is described in this article

Keywords: Central incisor; Fusion; Orthodontic treatment


Anomalies in the size and shape of teeth arise from abnormalities in the differentiation of tooth germs such as gemination, fusion, concrescence, double tooth. Fusion is a union of two or more separately developing tooth buds at dentinal level, presenting one single large tooth structure. Gemination is a developmental anomaly of form which is recognized as an attempt by a single tooth germ to divide resulting in a large single tooth with a bifid crown and usually a common root and root canal in which the tooth count is normal.

The etiology of double tooth is unknown, although some cases can be hereditary, evolution, trauma and environmental [1]. The unaesthetic appearance of double teeth presents a great challenge for dentist. By not treating the condition, complications may arise including caries, gingival problems and crowding. The extraction of these teeth would necessitate prosthetic replacement at a very early age. Reshaping and restoration usually failed to achieve the desired results in the most cases. Careful evaluation of a case will guide the clinician in treatment planning and in some instances no treatment may be carried out. This article represents the case of orthodontic treatment of fusion of permanent maxillary central incisors with supernumerary tooth.

Case Presentation

A 15 year old boy reported to an orthodontic clinic with chief complaint of presence of two large front teeth. There was no significant medical history. The teeth were asymptomatic. The right central incisor was in cross bite (Figure 1 & 2). The periapical view of upper central incisors showed crowns fused with supernumerary tooth (Figure 3 & 4). Upper right central incisor had two roots and two root canals, upper left central incisor had one root and one root canal.