Digital Technology in Implant Dentistry


J Dent & Oral Disord. 2015; 1(1): 1002.

Digital Technology in Implant Dentistry

Thiago de Almeida Prado Naves Carneiro*

Department of Occlusion, Fixed Prosthodontics, and Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil

*Corresponding author: Thiago de Almeida Prado Naves Carneiro, Department of Occlusion, Fixed Prosthodontics, and Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Received: December 11, 2015; Accepted: December 14, 2015; Published: December 15, 2015


The last few decades have brought a technological revolution in all areas of knowledge, computer systems are making everything more precise and fast, it would not be different in the clinical practice of dentistry. The technology is gaining more and more space; many modern features have been introducedin the market and have shown incredible results. The purpose of this article is to make a historical contextualization of the contemporary implant dentistry in order to identify which are the most used equipment and digital tools.

Digital Planning and Guided Surgery

The implanted prosthesis planning should start much timebefore the implant placement surgery or even the choice of the implant itself. This is the concept of reverse planning [1]. The emergence of computerized tomography has revolutionized the image exams by the obtaining of much clearer images of the anatomical structures and three-dimensional reconstructions. Associating the concept of stereolithography and CAD/CAM technologyit becomes possible to generate prototyped surgical guides with high precision [2-14]. This technologyis based on real images of the bone anatomy obtained through CT scans and the design of a computerized prototyped surgical guide to implant placement based on mathematical 3-D models.

The CT scan images are manipulated on a specific software, enabling a virtual surgery simulating the implant placement, always looking for the best position, bone anchorage and of course, respecting the future prosthesis that these implants will receive [2-14]. Guided surgeries are suitable for the most varying types of rehabilitation with implants, including edentulous patients, partial or single unit restorations. This technology has been widely used with scientifically proven success [6,9-14], to succeed with this therapy, achieving optimal aesthetic and functional results, we need a proper study on the selection of cases and a detailed planning. Although it seems to be extremely easy and simple, itrequires a lot of expertise and experience of the involved staff, in addition to a detailed planning, avoiding any complications during the procedure. The guided surgery may be considered as a viable alternative for the rehabilitation of edentulous spaces within the correct indications. The highlight of this technique is the detailed planning necessarily performed prior to the surgery, a fact that should be routine and should be performed in all clinical situations, computer-guided or not.

The CAD/CAM Technology in Implant Dentistry

The CAD/CAM technology represents a major revolution within the current context of modern dentistry. It is now possible to generate a virtual model from the direct digital scanning from the mouth, models or even impressions, enabling the design and manufacture of the structure by computer assistance (Figure 1). With this technology, it is possible the manufacture structures for implant bridges, custom abutments, bars, copings, surgical guides and everything thatcan be developed in the software. Many software already comes with data libraries with the settings of many different implants from all over the world, favoring the adaptation of the manufactured components.

Citation:de Almeida Prado Naves Carneiro T. Digital Technology in Implant Dentistry. J Dent & Oral Disord. 2015; 1(1): 1002. ISSN:2572-7710