Disaster Preparedness Kit: An Insight into the Emergency Tool

Special Article – Community Healthcare

J Fam Med. 2017; 4(4): 1120.

Disaster Preparedness Kit: An Insight into the Emergency Tool

Varghese A*, Swabir SF and George G

Department of Health Research, Bhopal memorial Hospital and Research Centre, Government of India, India

*Corresponding author: Varghese A, Bhopal Memorial hospital And Research Centre, Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health And Family Welfare, Government of India, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Received: June 29, 2017; Accepted: July 24, 2017; Published: July 31, 2017


Disaster and the aftermath of it are terrible. The humankind has experienced a number of traumatic disasters over the past few decades. As disasters cannot be prevented, contingency planning for disaster management involving preparedness, mitigation, relief and rehabilitation are essential. Even though disaster demands immediate response, the resilience after disaster depends upon the level of preparedness. The current study addresses Disaster Kit which is one of the most important priority tools in disaster preparedness. The Global initiatives for disaster preparedness and reduction should be given highest priority by the international community. The purpose of the article is to disseminate information related to disaster preparedness kit to the entire scientific community thereby empowering the concept of disaster preparedness to enable each individual and family to remain comfortable during and after disaster.

Keywords: Disaster; Disaster preparedness; Disaster Kit


Disasters in modern times have transcended borders of nation, class and have devastating impact in terms of human and material losses [1]. A wide variety of disasters, natural as well as manmade are faced by human beings, since the beginning of human evolution [2]. A disaster may lead to number expected adjustments: immediate displacement from place of living and community, difficulties in temporary shelters, lose of livelihood, uncertainties about future and demands of rebuilding of life [3]. However the major impact of disaster could be mitigated by proper household emergency preparedness [4,5]. The resilience is a core component of disaster preparedness as ‘‘the capacity of individuals and systems to cope and maintain positive functioning in the face of significant adversity or risk’’ [6]. Emergency preparedness involves knowing the risks particular to a community, developing an emergency plan, and having an emergency kit in the home containing food, water, and medical supplies to shelter in place for 72h [7,8].

Need of Disaster Kit

The human and economic loss resulting from disasters have made the community and nations to think on strategies for mitigating the risk and vulnerability associated with it. The survival after a disaster should be thought and planned in advance. The planning involves preparation in terms of food, water and other supplies in sufficient quantity for a minimum of three days or until the rescue workers arrival. The arrival of rescuers depends on the extend of distraction occurred. Furthermore a proper planning helps the survivors to continue their life in the midst of breakdown of basic amenities like electricity, communication system, cooking gas, water, waste disposal and treatment. The exit time available during the evacuation plan on sudden warning sign of disaster will be only few seconds which alarms the necessity of an emergency disaster supply kit [9]. A paradigm shift towards community based preparedness in recent years is preparation of emergency disaster preparedness kit. A disaster supplies kit includes all the basic items for the members of the family in the event of catastrophe. Moreover the scientific technological advancement or the nature itself will give warning to disastrous events which can happen at any time either in home, in vehicle or at office which warrants each one of us to be ready anytime with basic supplies to sustain our life [10-12].

Disaster Preparedness Kit [10]

Kit location

The exact location of an individual at the time of a disaster varies. It can be home, work place or being travelling in car. a) At home: Disaster preparedness kit can be kept at a place which can be accessible and familiar to everyone in the family. b) Workplace: Disaster preparedness kit should have to be kept in a container, to facilitate “take and go” in case immediate warning for evacuation comes. Make sure you have comfortable walking or running shoes in your disaster preparedness kit, if evacuation requires walking of long distances. c) At car: If you are stranded in a car, keep a kit of disaster supplies in your car. The kit in your car must contain food, water, first aid supplies, jumper cables, flares and seasonal supplies according to weather (Table 1).

Citation:Varghese A, Swabir SF and George G. Disaster Preparedness Kit: An Insight into the Emergency Tool. J Fam Med. 2017; 4(4): 1120. ISSN:2380-0658