Austin J In Vitro Fertili. 2019; 5(1): 1039.
A Comparative Clinical Study on the Efficacy of Shri Bahushala Guda and Arshakuthara Rasa in the Management of Arsha W.S.R. to 2nd Degree Internal Haemorrhoids
Rahul S,1*, Sangamesh H2 and Savadi BS3
¹P.G. Scholar Shalya Tantra, India
²Associate Proffesor Shalya Tantra, India
³H.O.D. Shalya Tantra, S.J.G.A.M.C, Koppal, India
*Corresponding author: Rahul Singh, P.G. Scholar Shalya Tantra, India
Received: November 10, 2019; Accepted: December 10, 2019; Published: December 17, 2019
Hemorrhoids are one of the most common benign ano-rectal problems worldwide. The prevalence rate of hemorrhoids is 4.4% in 10 million people, more common in 30-65 years of age. Incidence is equal in both the sex; causes may be, in relation to food or faulty life style.
In Ayurveda, Hemorrhoids can be equated which is considered as Arsha one of the Ashtamahagada, because of deerghakalanubandhi, dushchikitsya as it is Tridoshaja and is in Marma stana. During the process of pathogenesis vitiated Apanadi doshas gets localized in Mamsa, Meda & Twak of Guda Pradesh resulting in appearance of abnormal fleshy out growth in Guda.
Acharya Sushruta has described four principles therapeutic measures in the management of Arshas as Bhesaja chikitsa (medical management), Kshara karma (caustic therapy), Agnikarma (Thermal cautery), and Shastra karma (surgery). Different types of surgical treatments are also being practiced. But results are not very satisfactory and surgical procedures are not free from adverse effects including anal incontinence. Hence there is a need of effective, safe treatment for haemorrhoids.
“Shri Bahusala Guda is one of the drug regimen indicated as internal medicine in the management of Arshas by Acharya Govind Das in Bhaishajya Ratnavali. It is clearly mentioned that by taking internal medicine it does Agnideepana & it cures Arshas. Considering these points the present study is planned.
Keywords: Arsha; Haemorrhoids; Internal uses of Bahushala guda and Arshakuthara Rasa
Ayurveda is the most rational and time tested among the ancient systems of medicine. This science of life aims at alleviation of diseases as well as maintenance and promotion of good health. The entire science of Ayurveda is based upon Tri sutra i.e. hetu, linga and Aoushadha. Among these three, Aoushadha plays an important role in chikitsa as it is the first major step in treating the diseases.
Hemorrhoids is a disease which is very specific to human being only due to its erect posture. In Ayurveda Hemorrhoids can be equated which is considered as Arsha one of the Ashtamahagada, because of deerghakalanubandhi, dushchikitsya as it is Tridoshaja and is in Marma stana. During the process of pathogenesis vitiated Apanadi doshas gets localized in Mamsa in Guda.
Acharya Sushruta has described four principles of therapeutic measure in the management of Arshas as Bhesaja chikitsa (medical management), Kshara karma (caustic therapy), Agnikarma (Thermal cautery), and Shastra karma (surgery).
Modern science has very little to offer in terms of medicinal treatment for Haemorrhoids. Prevalent modern surgical measures are having their own limitations and complications and need special training, skills and equipments for their performance.
Acharya Sushruta in spite of being primarily a surgeon, has laid minimum emphasis on unnecessary surgeries, has emphasized much on the procedure of Kshara karma among parasurgical procedures while describing the Chikitsa of Arshas. The effect of Kshara is praised so much that, it can replace shastra karma since it does the Chedana, Bhedana, Lekhana karma without help of shastra. One big advantage of Bahusala Guda is that, it is easily available and cost effective. Another merit is that it can be safely and effectively administered even to aged patients & those unfit for surgery without causing significant pain. Hence Bahusala Guda is not just an alternative but a better alternative treatment.
Objective of the Study
• To evaluate the effect of Shri Bahusala Guda with Arshakuthara Rasa in the management of 2nd degree internal hemorrhoids.
• To carry out intensive study in relation to aetiopathogenesis & clinical manifestation of Arshas and its management.
• To derive a standard and easily accessible, cost effective treatment for 2nd degree internal haemorrhoids.
Materials and Methods
Source of data
a) Clinical Source: Patients of either sex was randomly taken from OPD & IPD of S.J.G.A.M.C & Hospital, P.G Studies and Research Centre, Koppal.
b) Literary Source: Literary aspect of study was collected from Classical Ayurvedic text, modern texts, recent journals and e-medical journals.
c) Drug Source: The drugs were collected from market and the medicine was prepared in the Pharmacy section of S.J.G.A.M.C & Hospital, P.G Studies and Research Centre, Koppal.
Bahusala guda preparation
50 gm of Trivit, Tejovati, Danti, Swadamstra, Citraka, Sati, Gavakshi, Visva, Musta, Vidanga and Haritki, 400 gm of Aruskar, 300gm of Vridhadaru and 800 gm of Surana. Boil them together with 26 liter of water till one fourth of the original remains. This decoction should be added with 950 gm of Guda and further boil till it takes a shape of confection and stick to the spoon. This should than be removed from the oven. To this, the powder of 93 gm each of Trivrit, Tejovati, Kanda, and Chitraka and 280 gm each of Ela, Twak, Maricha and Gaja Pipali should than be added. The preparation should be stirred properly and preserved in glass jar.
Method of administration
It should be given to the patient in the dose of 12-36 gm, along with cold water daily. After its digestion the patient should be served milk and meat soup and light items to eat.
30 patients age 20-60 yrs attending OPD & IPD suffering from Abhyantara Arsha were selected for the study.
Data regarding history, duration of illness, findings on clinical examination and other relevant information were recorded in Before the Treatment/After the treatment.
The Performa was designed based on the clinical features of the condition Arshas w.s.r. to second degree internal Hemorrhoids.
• Patients with features of first & Second Degree Internal haemorrhoids.
• Patients of either sex
• Age group between 20 to 60 yrs.
1. Patient having systemic pathology – Malignancies, HIV, HBV, Ulcerative colitis, Diabetes and Pregnancy.
2. 3rd and 4th degree External thrombosed pile mass.
3. Patients pile mass.
Patient is advice to take BAHUSHALA GUDA 6 gm, twice daily after food with water as anupana in one group.
Another group is advice to take ARSHAKUTHAR RASA 125 mg, twice a day after food with water as anupana
Parameters of assessment: Subjective parameters:
The following criteria were used to assess the treatment Bleeding, Constipation and regression of Haemorrhoids.
• Nil = 0
• Occasional = 1
• Drop by drop = 2
• Syringing = 3
Present = 1
Absent = 0
From the above given data, GroupA is better then Group B. In Group A 13% patients have unchanged result, 7% patients have mild response, 33% patients have moderate response, 40% patients having marked response and 7% patients have complete response.
In Group B, 47% patient have unchanged result, 13% patients have mild responsee, 13% patients have moderate response, 20% patients have marked response and 7% patient have complete response (Table 1&2) (Figure 1).
Overall Response After Treatment
No. Of Subjects
Table 1: Overall response after treatment.
Overall Response After Treatment
Mean of Parameter
It manifests due to improper diet,prolonged standing and constipation, causing derangement of Tridosha, mainly Vata Dosha. Vitiated dosha localizes in Gudavali, Pradhana Dhamani and Mamsadhara Kala and vitiates Twak, Mamsa, Meda and Rakta, resulting in the Maha Sroto Dushti.
The term “Haemorrhoid” derived from the Greek words “Haima” means “blood” and Rhoos means “flowing” i.e. blood to ooze & term “Piles” is derived from the Latin word Pile which means “a ball” i.e. round mass. Haemorrhoids is engorgement of the haemorrhoidal venous plexus i.e. the dilated veins within the anal canal and in the sub epithelial region formed by radicals of the superior, middle and inferior rectal veins, characterized by bleeding per rectum, constipation, size of pile mass, number of pile mass.
Internal Haemorrhoids associated with external haemorrhoids results from progression of the later to involve both haemorrhoidal plexus and one best thought of being external extentions of internal haemorrhoid, external haemorrhoid located distal to the dentate line and are covered with anoderm which is richly innervated, thrombosis of an external haemorrhoid may cause significant pain [1-5].
Hence having several similar features the disease arshas can be co-related with haemorrhoids.
A comparative clinical entity of the disease “Arsha”, according to modern medical science is “Haemorrhoids”. Modern Medicine offers many varieties of treatment modalities like injection therapy, cryosurgery, photocoagulation, infra-red coagulation etc for the treatment of Haemorrhoids. This changing trend in the management of Haemorrhoids from time to time in itself proves that A perfect treatment for Haemorrhoids is yet to be developed in modern Science. Since antiquity, Arshas and its management has been a challenge for all the systems of medicine. Modern medicine as discussed earlier has its own limitations. Moreover the general public is always cautious about the side effects that modern medicine offers. Thus the need to develop an effective Ayurvedic remedy for Arshas becomes all the more important.
Ayurveda is known for its simple, preventive, curative and holistic approach. Hence the responsibility of finding an effective medicine for Arshas, is bestowed on the shoulders of the Ayurvedic fraternity. Various types of principles of management like Agnikarma, Raktamokshana, Ksharakarma, Jaloukavacharana, Sastrakarma and Bheshajakarma etc are indicated for the management of Arsha in classics. Among these modes of treatment Bheshaja Karma gives relief to patient without fear of any complication.
The best treatment for the management of Arshas would be, a drug combination, which comprises of an Arshogna drug, an Agnideepaka drug and an Anulomaka dravya along with restriction of Nidana sevana. All the Acharya have emphasized on the importance of Takra in the treatment of Arshoroga.
Probable Mode of Action
Effect on Agni: out of 18 drugs of Bahusala Guda, Tejovati is having properties of Deepana, Pachana, Rukshna. Chitraka is best in Deepana, it has also property of Pachana and Agnivardhana. Vasa is having property of Deepana and Pachana. Haritaki is having property of Deepana. While Surana is Deepaniya and Rucya.
Effect on Annavahasrotas: Chitraka is Agnivardaka. Gavaksi is Udar Rogaghna, Vasa and Musta are having properties of Kapha- Pittahara. While Haritaki is Deepaniya.
Effect on Malapravarti: Trivit is having property of Sukhavirechana. Vidanga is having Anulomana property. Haritaki is best Anulomana dravya according to Sarangadhar. And Swadamstra is useful for Virechana.
Effect on Bleeding: Out of 18 drugs, 7 drugs have Kashaya Rasa and according to Acharya Charak, Kashaya rasa is having property of Sandhana, Sodhana and Ropana which help in stopping of bleeding.
Effect on Arsa: Out of 18 drugs, of Bahusala Guda, Chitraka, Aruskar, is having Arsoghna property. Musta is Sothahara and Twak doshahara. According to Acharya Charak, Haritaki, Bilva and Vidanga, have Arsoghna properties. Among 18 drugs, most of the drugs (16) are having Katu Rasa, and Katu rasa is having properties of Agnideepana, Katu Rasa, Agnideepana, Virechana, Kandunashana.
And in Bahusala Guda, 12 drugs are having Tikta Rasa, which have the properties of Agni Deepana, Arsohana, Kustahara, and help in reduction of the size of Arsha.
By taking Bahusla Guda internally, it does Agnideepana, Anulomana. Mandagni which is the main causative factor of Arsha is treated by Bahushala guda and hence cure Arsha.
The disease described as Arshas in Ayurvedic literature can be regarded as haemorrhoids in contemporary system of medicine.
Observation of present study reveals that, the incidence of disease Arshas is more among the age group of above 30-60 years, males, middle income & poor group, non vegetarians with hard stools. Maximum number of patients had haemorrhoids at 7 and 11 O’clock positions. Shree Bahushala Guda and Arshakuthar Rasa for the present study are very effective in management of bleeding and constipation in patients suffering from 2nd degree haemorrhoids.
As the dose of drug, sample size and duration of study was limited, high claims cannot be made as regards the total out come. Patients reported relief within 20 days of the treatment.
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Citation: Rahul S, Sangamesh H and Savadi BS. A Comparative Clinical Study on the Efficacy of Shri Bahushala Guda and Arshakuthara Rasa in the Management of Arsha W.S.R. to 2nd Degree Internal Haemorrhoids. Austin J In Vitro Fertili. 2019; 5(1): 1039.