Pharmacological Application of Ginger

Review Article

Austin Pharmacol Pharm. 2023; 7(1): 1025.

Pharmacological Application of Ginger

Neima Mohammed Ali1*; Tadios Tesfaye Mamo2-5*

1Department of Pharmacy, Central Univerity College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

2Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

3Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

4Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

5Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

*Corresponding author: Neima Mohammed Department of Pharmacy, Central Univerity College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Tadios Tesfaye Mamo Department of Chemitry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Email: [email protected]; [email protected]

Received: April 28, 2023 Accepted: May 31, 2023 Published: June 07, 2023


The basic four components of the Zingiber officinale plant, often known as ginger, are phenols, alkaloids, mucilage, and volatile oils. However, an aromatic essential oil made mainly of sesquiterpenoids, particularly (-)-Zingiberene with smaller amounts of bisabolene, farnesene, -sesquiphellandrene, phellandrene, cineol, and citral. Recent research has shown that ginger has a number of health advantages, including the reduction of menstrual cramps, immune-boosting qualities, treatment of lymphoma, osteoarthritis, ovarian cancer, radiation exposure, blood sugar and cholesterol problems, cataract prevention, chemotherapy-induced nausea relief, and more.

Keyword: Ginger; Traditional medicine; Gingerol; Shogaol; Zingerone


Zingiber officinale, also known as ginger, was first grown in China and is now found everywhere [1]. Despite being a herb, the rhizomes, or ginger root is frequently referred to as a spice because of its potent flavor [2]. The best time to plant Ginger is in the spring, and it can be cultivated 3-5 months after it is planted and a tropical climate with high rainfall and a hot, dry season favours its growth [1-3]. It has been an inseparable part of human lives since the 1500s owing to its aroma, flavor, and medicinal attributes, which have been utilized to serve a wide range of purposes, like lending flavor to food and curing many ailments [4-6]. Ginger is currently experiencing a resurgence in popularity, and there are numerous scientific projects aimed at isolating and identifying the active components of ginger and validating the pharmacological activities. The objective of this essay is to review the most significant and recent reports on these probes [7,10].


In numerous cultures around the world, ginger has long been revered. It has long been valued for its fragrant, culinary, and medicinal qualities and is mentioned in ancient Chinese, Indian, and Middle Eastern writings [8,9,12]. The trade of such spices was the root of the world's economy for centuries [10]. However, it becomes almost lost in history after the fall of the Roman Empire but became popular again when Europe rediscovered it [10]. In recent years, Ginger has become more valued as a spice than for its medicinal properties [11,12]. For over Two thousand years, Chinese medicine has recommended using Ginger to help cure and prevent several health problems [13].

Classification and type of Ginger

Ginger has various blossom shapes, much like other plants. The floral arrangements, rhizome sizes, leaf forms, and other characteristics of the various species of ginger plants are very diverse [19]. This aromatic herb have a taxonmy as ilusterated in Table 1 and it goes by many names, but first and foremost, it is named by its scientific species, Zingiber officina l [14].