Accessory Caudate Liver Lobe Torsion in a 7-Year Old Boy: Case Report

Special Article - Pediatric Surgery

Austin Surg Case Rep. 2017; 2(2): 1021.

Accessory Caudate Liver Lobe Torsion in a 7-Year Old Boy: Case Report

Ashjaei B* and Noveiry BB

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

*Corresponding author: Ashjaei B, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Received: December 04, 2017; Accepted: December 15, 2017; Published: December 22, 2017


Torsion; Caudate; Accessory


Acute blood flow loss of an organ will eventually lead to hypoxia and severe pain. Abdominal organs torsion will cause acute abdomen in this way. Caudate Lobe (CL) of the liver is derived from the right liver lobe anatomically on the inferior and posterior surface of liver; however, it’s functionally separated from that [1]. Here is a case report of a seven-year old boy presenting with acute abdomen, following torsion in accessory caudate lobe of the liver.

Case Presentation

A seven-year old boy with chief complaint of sustained non colicky pain in right upper quadrant of abdomen without radiation and irrelevant to neither a feeding or defecation, from three days prior to admission, was brought to the emergency service. He had also anorexia accompanied by recurrent biliary vomiting. No history of constipation, diarrhea, fever, reflux, jaundice or itching, previous trauma or polluted water and food intake he had. Nothing remarkable was in past medical history. He had no medication taken before admission. In physical exam he was moderately ill in general appearance but not toxic with stable vital signs. Abdominal tenderness, without rebound tenderness, in Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) and epigastria was observed. Also a mass was palpated in RUQ. Bowel sounds were slightly diminished. Complete blood count showed WBC of 13.02*103/ml (neutrophil 72.2%, lymphocyte 17.4%). Hematocrit was 41.2% and hemoglobin was 14.2g/dl. Platelets count was 324*103 and coagulation tests were normal. Ultrasound imaging revealed a hypoechoic mass with a central echogenic zone, in the lower part of the liver, 35*18*16 mm in dimensions. Falciform ligament, in the vicinity of Gallbladder (GB) and duodenum was thickened, suggesting a thrombotic umbilical vein. No free fluid or paraaortic lymphadenopathy was detected. Spiral CT-scan with contrast media showed normal size and density in liver and patent main portohepatic veins (Figure 1). Contracted GB with severe wall edema noted a low attenuated well defined lesion close to GB and intersegment ligament of left lobe, suspecting hematoma or small collection (Figure 2).

With the diagnosis of hepatic mass, patient was taken to operation room by general anesthesia in supine position. Laparatomy with Kocher incision was done. Inflammated round ligament was seen and resected. Beside round ligament, accessory caudate lobe had ischemic appearance, resting on a long and slim peduncle with clockwise tortuosity (Figure 3). Accessory CL was resected by clamping, and the origin of pedicle was ligated by vicryl 2.0 and hemostasis was performed. Neither free fluid nor blood was detected in peritoneal cavity. Other lobes of the liver were normal in appearance and size and color (Figure 4). GB was in normal anatomic region with normal appearance. Nothing abnormal or pathologic was seen at the other regions of peritoneal cavity. Abdomenoraphy after gauze counting was done. Biopsy showed normal congested hepatic tissue without any cystic appearance or clue to malignancy. In the next two days, no complication occurred and child was discharged in good general condition, eating food without problem.

In next week follow-up, the child had well general condition, and liver function tests (ALT, AST and ALP) and bilirubin were within normal ranges.


This case was presenting torsion in caudate lobe of liver as a rare cause of acute abdominal pain. It was previously reported in some animal cases [2-6]. It seems to that rabbits are more susceptible for CL torsion than the other animals. To our knowledge, this is the first ever case report of CL liver torsion in human. Accessory Liver Lobe (ALL) torsion has been reported in approximate 20 cases ahead of this [7-10]. One accessory liver lobe torsion originating from the CL process has been reported [11]. Ectopic liver detachment leading to acute abdomen was another rare entity [12]. In our patient and within all accessory liver lobe cases, and animal caudate torsions, the congested mass had originated from a thin and tall stalk; making it susceptible to torsion. Thus it’s not far beyond the rationality, to excise any thin stalked mass originating from the liver; if it was seen incidentally in laparatomies so as to ban further probable torsion.