Solid Pseudo-Papillary Tumor of the Pancreas

Case Series

Austin Surg Case Rep. 2018; 3(1): 1024.

Solid Pseudo-Papillary Tumor of the Pancreas

Ashjaei B* and Noveiry BB

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

*Corresponding author: Bahar Ashjaei, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Received: May 07, 2018; Accepted: May 25, 2018; Published: June 01, 2018


Solid pseudo-papillary tumor of the pancreas is rare and usually non-metastatic mass of the pancreas. Mostly affecting young women, it has diverse presentations at the beginning of the symptoms. The overall prognosis is excellent and only few patients become complicated. Here we discuss three cases.

Case Series

Case 1

First case was 13-year-old girl who was admitted in surgery ward with a mass in head of pancreas. Her problem had started 1 year prior to admission, with post-feeding infirmity. Sometime after, she became a bit pale and icteric; these progressed into general weakness and biliary vomiting 6 months after the first presentation. Defecation habit was changed after that. 2 months later, following a minor abdominal trauma, she became very ill and vomited past days undigested food. Sonography and CT-scan revealed a cystic well-defined mass, with mixed density in sub hepatic area in head of pancreas; suggestive for pseudocyst of the pancreas, duplication cyst, seromucinous cyst of the pancreas, and hydatid cyst. Peritoneal fluid was also detected. A large cystic mass was detected at the head of the pancreas at the time of operation therefore wipple procedure was done for patient. Diagnosis was confirmed by two pathologists

Case 2

Second case was a 10-year-old girl with an acute progressive pain in left flank, radiating to back, being accompanied by nausea and bloodless, non-biliary vomiting consisted of undigested food. She had no previous constitutional symptom or weight loss and no change in defecation. No complaint of fever she had, but axillary temperature of 38.5°c was recorded in admission with stable vital signs. Abdominal tenderness without any rebound tenderness in epigastric zone was detected. Laboratory evaluations revealed mild leukocytosis (13700/mm3 with 68% neutrophil and 29% lymphocyte). Ultrasound imaging depicted a solid echogenic soft tissue, 89*60 mm in dimensions, near the spleen hilum, above left kidney, at the end of pancreas tail. CT scan with contrast media showed the same mass without enhancement, other lesions and lymphadenopathy. Imaging was suggestive for lymphoma, neuroblastoma and Wilm’s tumor.

 She went under operation under general anesthesia and supine position with midline laparatomy. A solid-cystic tumor was located at tail of the pancreas that was totally attached to the hilum of the spleen and we could not separate them by surgical maneuvers, therefore distal pancreatectomy and total splenectomy was done to excise the tumor. Diagnosis was confirmed by two pathologists.

Case 3

Third case was a 10-year-old boy with recurrent non-significant abdominal pain from one year ahead of admission, was admitted with additive progressive jaundice, and dark urine. No history of warning signs, weight loss and fever was present. Good general conditions, stable vital signs, soft abdomen with no tenderness or guarding and normal span liver were found in physical findings.

Ultra sonographic evaluation and CT-Scan showed a solid-cystic mass at the head of the pancreas. Upper midline incision in general anesthesia and supine position was made for the child in surgery. The mass was attached to duodenum, portal and inferior vena cava veins and head of the pancreas. Duodenum and distal end of CBD was excised with tumor because of tumor adhesions to these organs. The mass excision was completed by shaving the adhesions from the IVC. Whipple surgery was done for the patient after complete excision of the tumor.

Pathologic findings

Sections showed neoplasm composed of massive areas of necrosis and presence of pseudopapillae, covered with single to multiple layers of epithelial cells, consisting of ovoid and folded nuclei, indistinct nucleoli and rare mitotic figures. Fibrovascular cores of papillae were thick with mucinous changes focally (Figures 1,2 and 3).

Immune histochemistry (IHC) evaluation revealed positive reaction for α1-antitrypsin, vimentin, calretinin and CD10. It was also negative for carcinoembryogenic antigen (CEA), CA19-9 and chromogranin. Despite being moderately positive in 3rd case for chromogranin in some foci, but generally it was negative.