Effect of Mind Sound Resonance Technique (MSRT)-Yoga Based Relaxation Technique on Sleep Quality and Mental Health in IT Professionals: A Pilot Study

Research article

Ann Yoga Phys Ther. 2021; 5(1): 1045.

Effect of Mind Sound Resonance Technique (MSRT)-Yoga Based Relaxation Technique on Sleep Quality and Mental Health in IT Professionals: A Pilot Study

Meenakshi PC1,2*, Divayalakshmi GK1 and Shivaji VC2

¹Department of Yoga and Life Sciences, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthan, India

²Department of Yoga, Central University of Rajasthan, India

*Corresponding author: Meenakshi P Chobe, Central University of Rajasthan, Kishangarh, Ajmer, India

Received: February 09, 2021; Accepted: February 23, 2021; Published: March 02, 2021


Background: Significant number of IT professionals suffer from various health problems, including poor mental health and sleep quality, which affects their work efficacy and quality of life. Mind Sound Resonance Technique (MSRT) is a chanting based relaxation technique showed to be effective in improving the physical and mental health of individuals.

Aim: Present study is intended to evaluate the effect of MSRT on anxiety, mood profile, and sleep quality in IT professionals.

Methods: One hundred IT professionals (54 males) with age range 25-40 years (average 29 years.) received 45 minutes of MSRT intervention thrice a week for one month. Participants were excluded from the study if they had any kind of chronic disease, regular antipsychotic medication, auditory impairment, major depression, previous exposure to any kind of Yoga in past one year. The participants were assessed for state & trait anxiety, mood profile, and sleep quality at baseline and after one month using standard assessment measures. Data were analyzed in SPSS version 20 software.

Results: There was a significant improvement in state anxiety (23% decrease), trait anxiety (19% decrease), mood disturbance (84% decrease), and sleep quality (56% improvement) after one month of MSRT practice compared to baseline.

Conclusion: Present pilot study indicates the potential use of MSRT intervention in improving mental health and sleep quality in IT professionals. However, future studies should be conducted with a large sample size and robust research design.

Keywords: Chanting; MSRT; Sleep; Mood disturbance; IT professionals


Sleep is a period of rest for the body and mind, during which volition and consciousness are in partial or complete abeyance and the bodily functions partially suspended. Sleep deprivation or poor sleep can have a negative influence on the body in the short term, and over a period, it can lead to chronic health problems and negatively impact on the quality of life, which can manifest in the form of various symptoms like mood swings, hallucinations, depression, Cold, Flu, and microsleep [1]. It can also lead to the impaired immune response, impaired cognitive functions and can affect our mental health, causing mood disorders like depression [2-4]. Poor sleep quality impairs emotional regulation, which can lead to disruptive mood dysregulation disorder [5] and can cause impairment in the performance during crisis management [6].

The most common workplace problem experienced by all professionals irrespective of their nature of work is job stress; however, this phenomenon is more common in situations that are deadline-driven. Software house is one such sector, which is affected profoundly by this challenge, and professionals serving these organizations are often observed to be under huge stress. Software professionals’ nature of the job is highly time-bound, client-oriented and technology-intensive, etc. Workplace stress is quite common and can be measured through different sources. Workload, time pressure, role ambiguity, role conflict, career progress, and communication are considered as major sources of pressure in the life of an Information System professional [7]. Stress has penetrated every profession, and the effect of stress has been prevalent in the IT profession as well. The threat is direct to the mental health, physical health, and overall well-being.

Mind Sound Resonance Technique (MSRT) is a chanting based relaxation technique that involves experiencing with closed eyes the internal vibrations and resonance developed while chanting the syllables A, U, M, Om, and Mahamrityunjaya mantra sounds [8]. It can be practiced in sitting as well as the supine position and has been found useful in reducing the state anxiety, pain, and tenderness in chronic neck pain patients [9]. MSRT intervention has also been found to have a potential role in reducing state anxiety and enhancing psychomotor performance in patients suffering from Generalized Anxiety Disorder [10].

Materials and Methods

Aims and objectives

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of chanting based relaxation technique MSRT (Mind sound resonance technique) on mental health and quality of sleep in IT professionals.


• To study the effect of MSRT on anxiety levels and mood disturbances in IT professionals.

• To study the effect of MSRT on quality of sleep in IT professionals.

Source of subject

The source of sample population was IT Company located in Kochi, Kerala.


A sample of 100 IT professionals from various IT companies was included in the study.

Inclusion criteria

• IT professionals working in day-time.

• Minimum working experience of 6 months in any IT company.

• Willing to participate.

• Not suffering from any major neuro psychiatric illness.

• Not done Yoga in past one year.

Exclusion criteria

• Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) employees.

• Night-shift workers.

• Having job experience of <6 months.

• Not willing to participate

Informed consent

The consent form was filled by the respective subjects prior to the commencement of the study.


Uncontrolled, Single group pre -post study.

Variables studied

• Anxiety using The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) inventory

• Mood Disturbance using Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaire

• Sleep using Pittsburg sleep quality inventory


The study group received the yoga relaxation therapy called Mind Sound Resonance Technique (MSRT) done in supine position three times a week for four weeks from August 25th, 2016 to September 29th, 2016.

Data Extraction and Data Analysis

Data extraction and analysis

The data was collected to assess the mood disturbance, anxiety, and quality of sleep through the appropriate questionnaires. A total of 100 IT professionals were divided into two batches, one in morning and other in the evening.

Intervention was given to both the batches at 7:30 morning as well as in the evening. The participants were requested to fill the 3 questionnaires on day 1 and after the completion of intervention period i.e. on day 30.

Normality of data was assessed using Shapiro-Wilk test and results were analyzed using Paired Sample t-test using SPSS 20.


The sample size of 100 comprises of 46% females and 54% males with details given in (Table 1). The analysis of the results shows that there was a significant reduction in state and trait anxiety (p=0.000; 23% & 19% respectively) and total mood disturbance (p=0.000; 84%) shown in (Figure 1 and 2) respectively. A significant improvement in global sleep quality (p=0.000; 57%) was also found post intervention in IT professionals as shown in (Figure 3).