J Dent & Oral Disord. 2020; 6(3): 1133.
Ocuolocardiac Reflex: An Unusual Trigger during Dental Surgery
Arora V* and Alex Lee A
Department of Anesthesiology & Amp, Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA
*Corresponding author: Vivek Arora, Department of Anesthesiology & Amp, Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA
Received: April 25, 2020; Accepted: May 13, 2020; Published: May 20, 2020
The Oculocardiac reflex can be triggered by manipulation of the periorbital structures during ophthalmological and oral maxillofacial procedures . When a Ring-Adair-Elwyn (RAE) naso-Endotracheal Tube (ETT) is used, adequate fixation is necessary to prevent tube displacement. Custom-made supports e.g. surgical scrub brush, foam pieces or surgical towels positioned over the forehead are commonly used to support the preformed curvature of nasal RAE ETT’s . This image was created to represent the causative mechanism of OCR in a 48yr-old-male who developed severe bradycardia during dental implant placement under general anesthesia with a nasal RAE ET. A folded surgical towel under the RAE tube had slipped over the orbit transmitting pressure from the surgeon’s hand above the drapes onto the globe, thus triggering the OCR. Although unclear at the time of hemodynamic instability this cause was revealed when surgical drapes were removed at the end of the procedure.
Figure 1: Ocuolocardiac Reflex: An Unusual Trigger During Dental Surgery.
Citation:Arora V and Alex Lee A. Ocuolocardiac Reflex: An Unusual Trigger during Dental Surgery. J Dent & Oral Disord. 2020; 6(3): 1133.