How to Predict Earthquakes by Using Simple and Reliable Method? Peru, Chile, Italy, Greece, New Zealand, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India

Research Article

Austin Environ Sci. 2021; 6(2): 1059.

How to Predict Earthquakes by Using Simple and Reliable Method? Peru, Chile, Italy, Greece, New Zealand, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India

Prakash Pillai S*

SQS Institute of NDT, 95, Palakkarai Main Road, Tiruchi, Tamilnadu, India

*Corresponding author: S Prakash Pillai, SQS Institute of NDT, 95, Palakkarai Main Road, Tiruchi, Tamilnadu-620001, India

Received: May 16, 2021; Accepted: June 22, 2021; Published: June 29, 2021


This paper intended to highlight the simple, quick and reliable method to detect impending earthquake’s location. Volcanic eruption precursors are originated only around the volcanos, like that the onshore earthquake precursors are originated only from earthquake epicenter zones. Epicenter zones are earthquake zones, a little variation of fault zone, it comprises movable tectonic plates. Due to the orbital motion of the earth, centrifugal force generated, this centrifugal force is the major driving force of tectonic plates. The position of the orbital motion of the earth generated seasonal variations/atmospheric weather anomalies as onshore earthquake precursors and earthquakes, year after year repeating at same places. The generation process of seasonal weather anomalies is the part of generation process of earthquakes at epicenter zones. Both seasonal weather anomalies and seismic anomalies are not continued all through the year at same places. When earth comes to particular position, tectonic plates of particular epicenter zones are set to more active and becomes unstable epicenter zones, causes identifiable, observable, recordable and testable onshore earthquake precursors 1-15 days prior to earthquakes occur.

Keywords: Orbital motion of the earth; Centrifugal force; Stable and unstable epicenter zones; Tectonic plates; Onshore precursors; Earthquake and earthquake prediction


Earthquakes killed over 923,000 people worldwide between 1900 and 2010 according to USGS. Greece has over 2500 years of earthquake investigation, Italy 1500 years and New Zealand over 600 years. Both deadly seasonal weather and earthquakes are Billion-dollar disasters [1]. Investigating about earthquakes and earthquake prediction studies are fascinating subject for both professional and non professional researchers. Earthquake prediction study over 120 years and the study of force move the tectonic plates over 40 years are still going on without any remarkable success. A large number of universities, research organizations, researchers and government agencies though actively involved in reliable earthquake prediction research but failed in their ultimate goal. In this empirical observational study, there over 250 epicenter zones and equal number of precursor areas have been identified worldwide. Scientists must need to understand the basic scientific knowledge about the generation process of onshore earthquake precursors and earthquakes [2,3].

Unstable epicenter zones are generates onshore earthquake precursors and earthquakes

There are two types of earthquakes: tectonic and volcanic; there are two types earthquake prediction: deterministic with known precursors and statistical with unknown precursors; there are two periods of prediction range: short term and long term; there are two zones: fault zone and epicenter zone; there are two types of epicenter zones: stable and unstable; and there are two types of precursors seismically and non-seismically related and so on. In this empirically observational earthquake prediction study based, tectonic type, deterministic, short term and unstable epicenter zone concepts.

Epicenter zones are high hazard and high-risk areas of atmospheric weather and seismic activities. Every seismically risky nation has one or more number of epicenter zones. Stable epicenter zones are under less influence of centrifugal force, so tectonic plates are less active or seismically quiescence; unstable epicenter zones, those are under the strong influence of centrifugal force, tectonic plates are seismically more active.

All form of are atmospheric seasonal weather anomalies that originated from corresponding earthquake epicenter zones due to the position of the orbital motion of earth. Different form of weather anomalies occurred at different position of epicenter zones. For a seismic zone there are more than one epicenter zones can set to activate and more than one onshore earthquake precursors are noticed. Heat wave, rainfall associated with strong winds are the most common onshore earthquake precursors. Wildfires over lakhs of acres, deadly tornadoes, snowfall, snow storms and rainfall associated with dominant in one region, so all epicenter zones are not generated same onshore atmospheric anomalies. Each and every earthquake onshore precursor generated from a corresponding earthquake epicenter zone. Based on the previously observed and recorded data base catalogue, onshore earthquake precursors generated first and followed by earthquakes at localized epicenter zone. When seasonal weather changes are repeating every year at same places means then the seismic anomalies are also strongly related with seasonal variation.


How to predict earthquakes?

With the help of daily rainfall/snow fall map, the star icons represent the amount of rainfall and snowfall and location in geological coordinates. In this empirical observational earthquake prediction study rainfall amount equal or greater than 50mm are used to predict of impending earthquakes magnitude 4-6+.

The essential features required to predict earthquakes are: the foremost important for earthquake prediction is Direction of epicenter zone and onshore earthquake precursor, location and time and magnitude frame.

• The direction from which onshore earthquake precursor (all form of atmospheric seasonal weather anomalies) originated would be the direction of earthquake epicenter zone.

• Onshore earthquake precursor (rainfall is the best) and its location is best to identify the impending earthquake location.

• Location: Equal or within 5° latitude and within 15° longitude or 15° longitude and within 15° latitude from onshore earthquake precursor location. It varies from region to region.

• Distance from onshore earthquake precursors: usually within 15° Epicenter zone(s) are in permanent geological coordinates only precursor areas vary in exceptional cases.

• Time interval between onset of precursors and earthquakes: within 1-15 days, vary in exceptional cases.

• Magnitude: usually 4-6 also depend on the severity of the weather anomalies and site geological condition.

Direction of future earthquake location

All form of atmospheric weather anomalies are the precursor to earthquakes. There are different form of weather anomalies at different location of epicenter zones. Every epicenter zone generated more than one atmospheric weather anomalies. Most common weather anomalies are heat, rainfall associated with strong winds. Among the all form of weather anomalies rainfall location best to identify the future earthquake location.

As generalized, all form of weather anomalies are generalized as onshore earthquake precursors (Table 1).