Value Addition Influenced in Millet Products - A Review

Research Article

Austin J Nutri Food Sci. 2022; 10(1): 1161.

Value Addition Influenced in Millet Products - A Review

Saraswathi R* and Hameed RS

Department of Home Science, The Gandhigram Rural Institute, Deemed to be University, Gandhigram, Dindigul, India

*Corresponding author: R Saraswathi, Department of Home Science, The Gandhigram Rural Institute, Deemed to be University, Gandhigram, Dindigul 624 302, India

Received: January 04, 2022; Accepted: February 04, 2022; Published: February 11, 2022


The intervention was aimed at reversing the declining consumption of millet, which was primarily due to inconvenience in its preparation as direct food. Thus diversifications of processing technologies related to millet products were attempted, to remove the inconveniences and to develop, fine-tune and standardize millet product technologies. For this purpose, the new trends of food processing involved the primary processing and secondary processing methods have been developed more products, such as extruded products (vermicelli and pasta), flakes, savouries, nutribar, and biscuits etc. These products were made ready for commercialization with improved shelf life. Processing interventions in millet products were good acceptability with improved nutritional value, convenience and shelf life. They are being continued for invention of innovative products of millet and target both niche markets such as gluten-free products; health mix products for mass-markets at the national level. One of the most relevant millet interventions was promotion; creating awareness of the health and nutritional merits of millet products and reinventing them as popular, convenient and healthy foods.

Keywords: Diversification; Millet products; Commercialization; Convenience; Healthy foods


Millets are important crops for dry land farmers; they are highly nutritious and are a climate-compliant crop. Overall millets consumption in India has declined over the years. In order to revive the demand for millets in India, government and non-government is the led a consortium funding to undertake interventions to bridge the gaps identified in the millet value chain: at on-farm production, processing diversification, nutritional certification, promotion and marketing. It brought together all the stakeholders in the Productionto- Consumption System (PCS) value chain, linking them with poor dry land farmers. India is still one of the major global producers of millets. This is due to productivity gains in some varieties, with the production of millets showing some increase despite shrinkage of area. Thanks to the Green Revolution in 1965-66, which led to an increase in per capita availability of food grains, cereals at the national level kept pace with population growth. However, millet cultivation has reduced drastically; during 1955-56, it was 36.34 million ha and by 2012-13, it had reduced to 15.40 million ha (Table 1). The production of millets in India has risen marginally between 1955 and 2013(Table 2) ;rising from 14.07 million t in 1955-56, to a peak at 19.96 million t in 1975-76, but subsequently reducing to 16.03 million t in 2012–13. This overall rise in millet production occurs despite a decline in area under millet cultivation from 36.34 million ha (1955-56) to 15.40 million ha (2012-13).