Study on Determination of Physicochemical Parameters of Ground Water in Industrial Area of Pydibheemavaram, Vizianagaram District, Andhrapradesh, India

Research Article

Austin J Public Health Epidemiol. 2014;1(2): 1008.

Study on Determination of Physicochemical Parameters of Ground Water in Industrial Area of Pydibheemavaram, Vizianagaram District, Andhrapradesh, India

Kalyana Ramu Buridi1* and Rupa Kumari Gedala2

1Department of Chemistry, Maharajah's College, India

2Department of Civil Engineering, Govt. Polytechnic, India

*Corresponding author: Kalyana Ramu Buridi, Department of Chemistry, Maharajah's College (Aided & Autonomous), Vizianagaram-535002, Andhra Pradesh, India

Received: July 15, 2014; Accepted: August 11, 2014; Published: August 13, 2014


An assessment of the ground water quality was carried out in industrial area of Pydibheemavaram, Vizianagaram District, Andhrapradesh, India. The study was aimed at examining the various samples of ground water and the quality of the ground water as it relates to public health. Eight ground water samples were taken from boreholes and open wells and PH, EC, Chloride, Total Alkalinity, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and Total Hardness contents were measured. The results were compared with WHO, and IS: 10500-91 standards. The usefulness of these parameters in predicting ground water quality characteristics were studied. Thus an attempt has been made to find the quality of ground water in industrial area of Pydibheemavaram suitable for drinking purposes or not.

Keywords: Analysis; Alkalinity; Electrical conductivity; Total Dissolved solids; Total Hardness


Water is a prime need for human survival and industrial development. Ground Water quality is very essential in a sense of practical utility for domestic, agricultural and industrial purposes and plays significant role in the living organism that existing in this world water. For many rural and small scale communities, ground water is the only source of drinking water. Assessment of ground water for drinking and irrigation has become a necessary and important task for present and future ground water quality management. Ground water quality depends on the quality of recharged water, atmospheric precipitation, inland surface water and subsurface geochemical processes. Temporal changes in the origin and constitution of the recharged water, hydrologic and human factors may cause periodic changes in ground water quality. The geology of a particular area has a great influence on quality of water and its environment. The quality of ground water varies due to a change in chemical composition of the underlying sediments and aquifer. The modern civilization and urbanization, frequently discharging industrial effluent, domestic sewage and solid waste dump causes ground water gets pollute [1]. This pollute water not only affects water quality but also threats human health, economic development and social prosperity. So, the assessment of water quality is very important factor for knowing the suitability for various purposes and continuous monitoring of ground water is necessary for the health of human, animals and crops. Hence an assessment of the ground water quality in Pydibheemavaram industrial area is taken in the present study as the most of the people are using well water for drinking. The objective of present work was to study the water quality of ground water in Pydibheemavaram industrial area of Vizianagaram district, Andhra Pradesh (India).

Materials and Methods

In the present investigation ground water samples were collected from eight locations in the month of November 2013. Samples were collected in polythene bottles, pre-cleaned by washing with non-ionic detergents, rinsed with water, 1:1 hydrochloric acid and finally with de-ionized water . Before sampling, the bottles were rinsed three times with sample water. Tube wells were operated at least five minutes before collection of the water samples. The water quality parameter determination was done using standard methods and techniques. Samples were brought to the laboratory for analysis of physico-chemical parameters. The temperatures of the samples were measured at the point of collection using mercury in glass thermometer and Systronics digital pH meter model-361 was used to determine the PH values [2] Electrical conductivity of the samples was determined using an EI digital conductometer model 611 and. Total Alkalinity was determined by titrimetric method using standard solution of 0.01M HCl and methyl orange as indicator.

Total Hardness was measured using EDTA (Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic Acid) as titrant with ammonium chloride and ammonium hydroxide buffer solution (PH-10) and Erichrome Black T as indicator. Chloride content was determined by Mohr's method using silver nitrate as titrant and potassium chromate solution as indicator. Total Dissolved Solid was determined by evaporation method in an oven maintained at 200°C for 2hrs (Gravimetry).


The results obtained from analysis of different ground water samples are shown in Table-1. The statistical evaluations are given in Table-2.

Citation: Buridi KR and Gedala RK. Study on Determination of Physicochemical Parameters of Ground Water in Industrial Area of Pydibheemavaram, Vizianagaram District, Andhrapradesh, India. Austin J Public Health Epidemiol. 2014;1(2): 1008. ISSN 2381-9014