The Aerob and Anaerob Performance Beta-Alanine Supplement and Ergogenic Aid Using to the Power Output Variables in Cyclists: A Cohort Studies Random Model Effect

Research Article

Int J Nutr Sci. 2021; 6(3): 1058.

The Aerob and Anaerob Performance Beta-Alanine Supplement and Ergogenic Aid Using to the Power Output Variables in Cyclists: A Cohort Studies Random Model Effect

Kahraman Y*

Health Science Institute of Akdeniz University, Turkey

*Corresponding author: Yeliz Kahraman, Health Science Institute of Akdeniz University, Turkey

Received: August 03, 2021; Accepted: August 27, 2021; Published: September 03, 2021


Supplement the use of ergogenic aids in cyclist’s directly have been improved the body metabolism and hemodynamic factors that are micro supplement in chancing reactions on the body muscle mass and limb muscle. Mostly knowing that, muscle power development progressive fast glycolytic and short time oxidative systems reactions. Sport competition intervals, therefore, during periods has been used specific drinks supported to cyclists. But, be obtained during should be long race times. Athletes directly needed some drug and fluid intake to prevent from metabolic breakdown rapidly the dynamic physiologic performance factors. Beta-alanine supplementation can be direct muscle performance development affects the anaerobic metabolism and capacity. It should be determined how the cyclists will use the competitive and training period intervals can increase the cyclists specific sprint and endurance race performance. Science cyclist International Road doses will be created in which, intervals can randomly effectively investigate. This study random cohort study is examined the effects of beta-alanine supplementation on aerobic and anaerobic power output in specific cyclists. Therefore, we have been databases PubMed, Scopus, and Medline initial search 10 August 2020 were created prospective effect the quality of bias work concluded Effect Size (ES) 95% Confidence Interval (CI) were used in the participant. Participants (N=66) have an age range of 25 to 38 of the using beta-alanine in training periods to endurance muscle performance, aerobic power, anaerobic power, and sprint time trials. As a result of beta-alanine improved anaerobic and aerobic power output on 4-week time-dependent trial performance condition. Significant values are obtained level factor-alpha <0.05 and p-value analysis pre-post interactive standardization.

Keywords: Beta-alanine; Supplementation; Nutrition; Aerob; Anaerob performance


BA: Beta-Alanine; CI: Confidence Interval; WMD: Weighted Mean Difference; HIT: High Interval Training; HCO3: Bicarbonate; MSLL: Maximal Steady-State Lactate; J: Joul; Le: Lactate Elimination


Application in micro-nutrition a current approach in sports science and competitive-training periodization additional international road cyclists has been obtained micro ingestion form of diet are use increase daily their consumption [1]. Additional macronutrition requirement in standard nutritional content needed are calories taken daily should be substances same time pre-training and competition and post-training and competition of the cyclists help to performance factors and muscle recovery [2]. The cyclists use ergogenic aids to conjunction their performance power output, hgmm, stroke volume therefore, generally not complete diet [3,4]. Increased energy formation of the muscle performance period according to like vitamin and mineral occurs ergogenic aid from same excessive obtained long period training or competitive that macronutrition ingestion requirement [5]. Recruitment by Canada Academy of Sports and American School of Sports Medicine as suggested is three ergogenic aids class recommendation which, including a have many benefits such as completing reduce metabolism or super compositing exercise in beta-alanine has been the groups of cyclists [6].

It is possible to see the different time combined to preserve optimal maintain performance when considering cyclists, it is important during long race times occur nutrition intake. Accordingly, groups of cyclists it is diets that will conjunction performance while consuming ergogenic supplement turned have efficiency in superior development of endurance and strength component [7,8]. Cycling sports is continued the hard fight with endurance and muscle strength performance and recovery expected to take place in short periods. Condition competitions are observed in different stages and time trials over exceedingly long periods so basically is the sport of endurance [9]. But sprint performance for nature have explosive in short periods [10]. Athletes sometimes some had difficulty feeding depending on time are very hungry therefore, diet control and nutrition programs should be planned closely carefully in appropriate training processes as team and coach [11]. Dynamic performance over long period’s peak values occur during the rapid recovery and stroke volume when power different metabolism is achieved in blood lactate optimal intervals [12].

Previous exercise and performance studies for use of beta-alanine into carnosine conjunction is aim in specific type II fibers reported that an amino acid this inductively of hydrogen ions without being induced calcium release simultaneous performed ATP-resented in the anaerobic glycolysis cycle [13]. But this condition metabolic cycle fast recovery energy in cytoplasm can help to muscle buffering observed intramuscular adaptation pH buffering as regeneration activity on muscle development performance [10,14]. Investigation reported on the horses initial beta-alanine amino acid form for the metabolic carnosine type I oxidative 20% and type IIb fast glycolytic fibers 46% has become evident not type IIa fast glycolytic oxidative [15]. Therefore, developing cycling increase energy formation drug studies firstly have been a multiple antioxidant [16]. Stunning results, using to beta-alanine supplementation highly ingestion in the decade >4 weeks 3-6 g/day ingestion resulted in intramuscular carnosine levels within type I and type II fibers 30-80% same performance results all during competitive and training doses [17]. Addition, intramuscular recover phase and anaerobic capacity development levels of the muscle mass between male and female 3.5-1.0 ratio in hormonal development residual sex are observed to sytokinease [16]. Same previous studies how exercise performance outputs development of endurance cyclists has not gained obvious as long time- dependent performance [18]. The reason this, in endurance performance is by tolerating rapid glycolytic energy capacities involved in the oxygen cycle over 1-3 min for performance the use of beta-alanine in the few minutes should be used as an auxiliary production [19]. Although, cyclist’s group has been reported to contractile mechanics oxidation of percentage reported to cause lactate in anaerobic and aerobic capacity [20]. Increased lactate production has enabled muscle adaptation otherwise total work output capacity increase in bicycle capacity was found to correlate with the carnosine content in muscle within beta-alanine by 50% type I and type II [10]. The muscular efficient of knee and ankle limbs extensor for an-aerobic capacity and aerob power output variables is important muscle development in cyclist period and pedalling mechanic [18].

The aim of this studies was to conclude the use of beta-alanine dose in the physiologic effect depend on time-related trials of anaerob and aerob power output performance in cyclists. Dose use in different time periods will be concluded at performance factor (e.g., as performance output glycolytic insulin resistive factor and aerobic residual oxygen capacity).

Materials and Methods

This study was followed methodologic quality and bias of include by independent effect size and confidence interval investigate the applied training science PubMed, Google Scholar and Medline were data publication no limitation. All of times one year the retrospective from August 2021 (2009-2020). The Cochrane Collaboration quality controversies resolved on blind evaluated of the study authors, method, and characteristics sample size, using of the beta-alanine supplement and performance levels of cyclists. Same dose using was formed [21]. All screen evaluation generally eligibility criteria completed the study characteristics; a: participation property characteristics, b: health hydration status, core temperature used to during supplement, c: macro-nutrition standardizes before and after training and competitive period of their performance anaerobic and aerobic power output recorded. All statistic paired-T test comparison to between cyclist pre and post values, method Binary R statistics measurement therefore, mean and standard deviation operation systems windows and excel statistically significant was set the effect size and are obtained to use the measurement confidence interval low and high showed Cohen’d effect size 0.20 small, 0.50 medium, 0.80 high this study (SPSS 21, IBM, New York, USA; Salkind, 2010) (P <0.05).


Participations results obtained PubMed (N=26), Scopus (N=74) and Google Scholar (N=56) total 156 research. Research data variables each statistically significant end of mean and standard error and deviation resulted random effect size estimated in effectively weighted mean difference and 95% confidence interval. Therefore, individual results population sample size as minus standardized [22]. Sub results analysis into training protocols, strength and endurance, sprint and combined power output was prevented from of the bias in study specific development should be sport science and international cyclists performance could determine and evaluate.

Participation risk of bias in blind author evaluated references listed [22]. This study propered range randomize allocation concealment; blind participation, blinding of outcome evaluate, incomplete outcome data, selective outcome reporting, other sources of bias, overall risk of bias; 2 low, 3 medium, 4 high-risk bias was evaluated as quality cochrane (Table 2).