Dec 29, 2017

Austin Neurosurgery: Open Access

Adjacent Segment Pathology in the Lumbar Spine: Progressive Disease or a Product of Iatrogenic Fusion?

Abstract: Background: Lumbar spine Clinical Adjacent Segment Pathology (CASP) has an annual incidence of 2.5%, and a 10-year 22% prevalence of repeat surgery (ReopASP). The pathophysiology remains controversial, whether due...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

A Tale of Two Cities - A Contrast in Righteous Reckoning between Black and White? A Perspective in Duality

Abstract: This timely editorial describes to very different human experiences with law enforcement; references some trend data concerning a human condition; introduces a framework for critical examination of recent incidents, and hopefully...

Dec 29, 2017

Journal of Dentistry & Oral Disorders

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Oral Health among University Students in Saudi Arabia; a Cross-Sectional Study

Abstract: Aim/Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice related to oral hygiene of the second-year pre-professional students at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Journal of Surgery

Risk Free Simulated Environment to Assess Colorectal Fellow Technical Skills: A Pilot Study

Abstract: Introduction: Evaluation of residents' surgical skill by teaching faculty is generally a subjective assessment done at the completion of a rotation and based on recollection of resident performance. This type of assessment...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Journal of HIV/AIDS Research

Spread of Human Retrovirus Infections in Individuals at the Second and Third Decades of Life in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Abstract: The authors comment the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) and the human T-cell lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2, here named HTLV) in the last years (from 2010 to 2016) in individuals...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Cardiology

Reuse, Recycle and Reduce in OPCAB

Abstract: Cardiac surgery has been the only surgical specialty that has the maximum wastage that remains after every open heart surgery is completed. In fact its more than two huge buckets of plastic that is...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Journal of Invitro Fertilization

Environment Air Pollution Related to ART Facilities and Its Potential Implication with IVF Outcomes

Abstract: Despite empirical experience and scientific evidence about how environmental pollutants are detrimental to reproduction and development, there are few studies correlating the presence of in vitro fertilization (IVF) known pollutants...

Dec 29, 2017

Journal of Plant Chemistry and Ecophysiology

Characterization of Secondary Metabolites from Endophytic Colletotrichum sp. Isolated from Tragia insuavis

Abstract: Antibiotic resistance has persisted over time because of bacterial resistance to available antibiotics. This study sought to isolate and characterize antibacterial secondary metabolites from the crude extracts of Tragia insuavis...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Journal of Microbiology

In-situ Bioremediation

Abstract: Bioremediation is the use of microorganisms, plants or biological enzymes to achieve hazardous waste treatment. The treatment can focus on different types of media with different possible targets...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

Is Periodic Abstinence from Dairy Products for Half a Year, Detrimental to Bone Health of Children and Adolescents?

Abstract: The question of "What's the best diet for children and adolescents which ensures their optimum bone health?" has triggered this review study of all nutritional habits including the Christian Orthodox Church's diet with its particular...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

Application of Vitamin C Measurement Procedure using 4-Hydroxy-2, 2, 6, 6-Tetramethylpiperidine-1-Oxyl and O-Phenylenediamine Dihydrochloride for Various Fruits

Abstract: Application of a measurement procedure for total Ascorbic Acid (AsA) content (i.e., the sum of AsA and Dehydro Ascorbic Acid (DAsA)) in various fruits using 4-hydroxy-2, 2, 6, 6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl and o-phenylenediamine...

Dec 29, 2017

Austin Biometrics and Biostatistics

Retinal Identification using Shearlets Feature Extraction

Abstract: Since the fundamental features of retinal images are comprised of different orders and locations, in this paper, we attempt to analyze retinal images by means of a multi-scale method, which is based on shearlets transform that is an...